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Global networks of trade and bits

Considerable efforts have been made in recent years to produce detailed topologies of the Internet, but so far these data have been overlooked by economists. In this paper, we suggest that such information could be used to characterize both the size of the digital economy and outsourcing at country level. We analyse the topological structure of the network of trade in digital services trade in bits and compare it with the more traditional flow of manufactured goods across countries.

To perform meaningful comparisons across networks with different characteristics, we define a stochastic benchmark for the number of connections among each country-pair, based on hypergeometric distribution.

Original data are filtered so that we only focus on the strongest, i. We find that trade in bits displays a sparser and less hierarchical network structure, which is more similar to trade in high-skill manufactured goods than total trade. Moreover, distance plays a more prominent role in shaping the network of international trade in physical goods than trade in digital services. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Rent this article via DeepDyve. Alba R A graph-theoretic definition of a sociometric clique. J Math Sociol 3 1 : — Berthelon M, Freund C On the conservation of distance in international trade.

J Int Econ 75 2 : — J Econ Perspect 18 4 : 93— Google Scholar. J Int Econ 70 2 : — Evidence from a panel gravity model. World Bank Econ Rev 19 1 : Nature : — Cairncross F The death of distance: how the communications revolution will change our lives. Chinn MD, Fairlie RW The determinants of the global digital divide: a cross-country analysis of computer and internet penetration.Discussion Papers.

Menzie D. Fairlie, Chinn, Menzie D. Freund, Caroline L. Caroline L. Carolina Lennon, Blum, Bernardo S. Srinivasan, Edward E.

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Considerable efforts have been made in recent years to produce detailed topologies of the Internet, but so far these data have been overlooked by economists.

In this paper, we suggest that such information could be used to characterize both the size of the digital economy and outsourcing at country level. We analyse the topological structure of the network of trade in digital services trade in bits and compare it with the more traditional flow of manufactured goods across countries.

To perform meaningful comparisons across networks with different characteristics, we define a stochastic benchmark for the number of connections among each country-pair, based on hypergeometric distribution. Original data are filtered so that we only focus on the strongest, i. We find that trade in bits displays a sparser and less hierarchical network structure, which is more similar to trade in high-skill manufactured goods than total trade.

Moreover, distance plays a more prominent role in shaping the network of international trade in physical goods than trade in digital services. Enjoy affordable access to over 18 million articles from more than 15, peer-reviewed journals. Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15, scientific journals. See the journals in your area.

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global networks of trade and bits

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global networks of trade and bits

You can change your cookie settings through your browser.Considerable efforts have been made in recent years to produce detailed topologies oftheInternet. AlthoughInternettopology datahavebeenbroughttotheattention of a wide and somewhat diverse audience of scholars, so far they have been overlooked by economists. To perform meaningful comparisons across networks with different characteristics, we define a stochastic benchmark for the number of connections among each country-pair, based on hypergeometric distribution.

Original data are thus filtered by means of different thresholds, so that we only focus on the strongest links, i. We find that trade in bits displays a sparser and less hierarchical network structure, which is more similar to trade in high-skill manufactured goods than total trade. Lastly, distance plays a more prominent role in shaping the network of international trade in physical goods than trade in digital services. Documents: Advanced Search Include Citations.

Abstract Considerable efforts have been made in recent years to produce detailed topologies oftheInternet. Powered by:.As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

Fairlie, Chinn, Menzie D. Menzie D.

Global Networks of Trade and Bits

Carolina Lennon, Discussion Papers. Edward E. Leamer, Srinivasan, Freund, Caroline L.

global networks of trade and bits

Caroline L. Blum, Bernardo S. Manna, Michael Peneder, Loffredo, Svetlana V. Kislitsyn, You can help correct errors and omissions.

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When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:jeicoo:vyip See general information about how to correct material in RePEc. For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Sonal Shukla or Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing. If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item.

It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form. If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item.

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global networks of trade and bits

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